Archive for September, 2012


Brain On Brain

Hat anyone?

Advertisements

SAC Test – Things to Know

Here are the things you need to know for the SAC 1st Friday back:

 

Biopsychosocial framework

What is normal?  What are the ways we classify normal?

Mean/median/mode

What are the differences between mental health and mental illness?

Approaches to classifying mental illness

How are the DSM IV & ICD-10 used?

What do the different axis in the DSM mean?

Rosenham’s study

GAS (stop giggling Amy!)

Fight/flight response

Eustress vs distress

Different models of coping with stress/how stress works/how it can relate to depression

Crowding and it’s relation to stress

Allostatis

Neurotransmitters associated with stress/mental health issues

Freud’s theory of anxiety disorders

How do SSRIs work (in the treatment of depression)?

Seligman’s theory of learned helplessness

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

 

Remember, there are plenty of online resources to help you, you don’t just have to rely on your textbook.  Check out online psychological dictionaries for really helpful definitions.  I linked to one in an earlier post.

Good luck!

found in the readers digest

image

Meme Method

The scientific method explained through memes.

Awesome.

Academic Searches

Hey guys.

I found this!  Very useful!

It’s a search engine (al la google) but for academic stuff.

You can use this instead of google for internet searching where you need more reliable, academic information (eg for school!)

I haven’t played with it heaps, but it looks good so far.  Let me know how you go with it.

http://www.sweetsearch.com

ALL THE THINGS!

20120910-173810.jpg

polygraph

Added by Miss Orrin: [Nic & Sophie are currently researching polygraphs and apparently this was part of their research!]

Giggle City

Thank you to Amy & Heidi for this entertainment!

General Adaptation Syndrome

•Hans Hugo Bruno Selye was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary on Australia Day in 1907 and died on October 16, 1982. He was a pioneering Hungarian endocrinologist. During the year of 1930 he conducted experiments on stress and its effects. He confirmed that prolonged stress could be potentially harmful. He researched with rats and developed the three stage physiological stress response General Adaptation Syndrome.
He exposed the rats to a variety of stressors, for example painful tail pulling, exposure to different temperatures, excessive exercise, tying legs together. ›He then observed the physiological arousal patterns in response to each of the different kinds of stressors, these observations concluded that stress is a condition that is non specific, and can be brought on by either internal or external stressors.
STAGE ONE – Alarm Reaction
  • ›Individual first becomes aware of the stressor.
  • ›Organism looses ability to deal with the stressor as it goes into a temporary state of shock.
  • ›Psychologically the body reacts as if it were injured, e.g. Blood pressure and temperature goes down and muscle tone also decreases.
  • ›The body then enters what’s known as counter shock as the body rebounds from this alarm reaction.
STAGE TWO – Resistance
›
  • If the source of the stress is not dealt with immediately and still continues to be stressed, then the organism goes into a stage of resistance.
  • ›During this stage the bodies resistance to the particular stress rises above the level of homeostasis.
STAGE THREE – Exhaustion
  • ›If the stressor is not dealt with successfully during the resistance stage, and the stress continues, then the organism enters the third stage of stress called exhaustion.
  • ›It can appear to be the alarm reaction, yet the effects of the stressor can no longer be dealt with due to their resources have been depleted.
  • ›An organisms resistance to disease is very weak and so the organism becomes increasingly vulnerable to physical and mental disorders.
  • ›The stage of the disorder is characterised by extreme fatigue, high levels of anxiety and depression.
STENGTHS
  • ›There is extensive research and evidence to support the GAS model of stress. It identifies the psychological mechanisms and characteristics associated with the stress response and his findings have been confirmed by researchers.
  • ›This model provides an explanation as to why over stress is not only detrimental to our psychological health, but also our physical health and wellbeing. It explains that bacteria is not the only cause for illness, as stress also weakens our immune system making us more susceptible to illness.
LIMITATIONS
  • ›This model provides an explanation as to why over stress is not only detrimental to our psychological health, but also our physical health and wellbeing. It explains that bacteria is not the only cause for illness, as stress also weakens our immune system making us more susceptible to illness.
  • ›Overlooks that every individual sees different stressors as either stressful or not, depending on the person.
  • ›It cannot predict the resulting complications due to the chronic stress.
  • ›Also, this research was conducted on animals (rats) and their psychological response to stress may differ to human responses to stress.

This is a really awesome summary of STRESS