For about the last week in psych, as an introduction to Mental health (our last Area of Study EVER..), we have been studying ideas of normality and abnormality.

We know that normaility is considered  to be what is acceptable and what we may expect to occur in most circumstances or a condition that does not need adjustment. There are many of what are called ‘model’s of normality. These models are the individual aspects by which normality can be and is often measured, of which some include:

  • Socio-cultural
  • Historical
  • Situational
  • Medical
  • Functional

For example the Functional model focuses of how effectively an individual is able to do what is expected(/normal) in everyday life, taking into account the adaptation of the behaviour and how it affects the wellbeing of the person or group. Examples of this model include: addiction, anxiety disorders, stress and other mood disorders.

Another model of normality is the statistical model, which measures normality by what shows to be common from the perpective of data i.e. the statistical average is what is considered ‘normal’ in this model, that is the majority support of a behaviour. The statistical model often involves the use of the bell curve, as it shows the statistical distribution.

But we also know that abnormailty exists even though the idea is that it is the minority. Abnormality is considered to be any kind of behaviour, including thoughts and feelings, that are deviant, distressing and dysfunctional.

As there are so many different ways and aspects of measuring normailty, it is shown that they interelate with each other. The BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL Framework is an example of this.

The BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL Framework is based on the idea that mental health and wellbeing is dependant on a blend of biological, social and psychological factors.

And so even more lately we have been looking at the different ways mental disorders are classified. The best known ways are categorical and dimensional approaches. Both are important and it is unusual for just one to be used; they are often used together because the categorical takes into account the symptoms and the dimensional measures the severity of the symtoms.

I Hope that covers everything i am supposed to, and I appologise for the delay!